Defender has an interesting heritage. Bred from a New Mexico Wild American female, Eastwell Golding and other English hops, it was selected in the early 1960’s by Dr R. A. Neve at Wye College in England. Despite its significant humulene and farnesene content, Defender’s very low alpha percentage and low yield potential has significantly hindered its commercial viability. It may show promise in breeding though with a high alpha to beta ratio. It is said to impart a pleasant, European-style aroma.
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|Also Known As|
|Characteristics||Pleasant, European-style aroma|
|Alpha Acid Composition||3.3%-6%|
|Beta Acid Composition||1.1%-2.5%|
|Yield Amount||1120-1340 kg/hectare (1000-1200 lbs/acre)|
|Resistant to||Moderately resistant to downy mildew and resistant to verticillium wilt|
|Storability||Retains 59% alpha acid after 6 months storage at 20ºC (68ºF)|
|Ease of Harvest|
|Total Oil Composition||0.5 mL/100g|
|Myrcene Oil Composition||31%|
|Humulene Oil Composition||35%|
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