Vanguard hops possess a unique acid profile. They feature a somewhat rare balance of low alpha acid and high beta acid and an oil profile dominated by high levels of humulene and yet very low levels of cohumulone.


Despite exhibiting some similarities to Hallertau Mittelfrüh, surely as a result of their close lineage, this unusual profile gives Vanguard a pronounced woody and herbal character atop a definitive spiciness. The spicy quality is suggested to be particularly evident when Vanguard is used as an early addition.

Vanguard was the final Hallertau-derived variety to come out of the USDA’s hop breeding program and were released to the brewing world in 1997 after a long 15 years of development and testing. They are grown principally in the US and are considered great for adding a European-style aroma component to German-style beers.

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Also Known As
Purpose Aroma
Alpha Acid Composition 4.40%-6%
Beta Acid Composition 6%-7%
Co-Humulone Composition 14%-16%
Country US
Cone Size Small to medium
Cone Density Loose to Moderate
Seasonal Maturity Early
Yield Amount 1300-1700 kg/hectare (1160-1520 lbs/acre)
Growth Rate Moderate
Resistant to Resistant to downy mildew
Susceptible to
Storability Retains 75%-80% alpha acid after 6 months storage at 20ºC (68ºF)
Ease of Harvest Difficult
Total Oil Composition 0.9-1.2 mL/100g
Myrcene Oil Composition 20%-25%
Humulene Oil Composition 45%-50%
Caryophyllene Oil 12%-14%
Farnesene Oil 0%-1%
Substitutes Liberty, Mount Hood, Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Saaz
Style Guide Porter, Cream Ale, Lager, Rye Ale, Amber Ale, Belgian Ale, French Ale

Where to Buy Vanguard Hops

As a listing requirement, all suppliers below ship nationally to their respective countries.

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Comments 2

  1. Maybe I am missing something but I don’t see a listing for Hallertau Mittelfrüh anywhere, though it is referenced in other hop listings.

    1. Post

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